D-Dimer Rapid Test Device is used for the qualitative detection of D-dimer in human whole blood and plasma; The test is used as an aid in the assessment and evaluation of patients with suspected disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), and pulmonary embolism (PE).
Knowledge of D-Dimer Rapid Test Device
During blood coagulation process, fibrinogen is converted to fibrin by the activation of thrombin. The resulting fibrin monomers polymerise to form a soluble gel of non-cross-linked fibrin. This fibrin gel is then converted to cross-linked fibrin by thrombin activated Factor XIII to form an insoluble fibrin clot. Production of plasmin, the major clot-lysing enzyme, is triggered when a fibrin clot is formed. Although fibrinogen and fibrin are both cleaved by the fibrinolytic enzyme plasmin to yield degradation products, only degradation products from cross-linked fibrin contain D-dimer and are called cross-linked fibrin degradation products. Therefore, fibrin derivatives in human blood or plasma containing D-dimer are a specific marker of fibrinolysis.
Procedure and Result Reading of D-Dimer Rapid Test Device